From the 1790s until 1830, sandalwood – the fragrant wood of the iliahi tree – was exchanged by Hawaiian chiefs for foreign goods offered by New England traders, who then shipped it to Canton, China, where they sold it for profit to Chinese merchants, who fashioned it for sale into boxes and chests, or sold it as medicine, perfume, or incense.
Born in New Jersey, Miss Elizabeth H. Middleton, R. N. (1899-1996) was the G. N. Wilcox Memorial Hospital administrator for 23 years, from 1944 until her retirement in 1967.
This Island History was written to honor Clyde J. Caires and the other 12 servicemen from Kauai who were killed in Vietnam.
The old Nawiliwili Bulk Sugar Plant, which was reconstructed and opened for business by Guardian Self-Storage in 2016, was originally built in 1950 for the purpose of storing raw sugar in bulk and then loading it aboard freighters, thereby eliminating the previous, more costly process of filling and shipping sugar in bags.
Born in Kealia Camp, Kauai, the son of Portuguese immigrants Francisco and Francisca Barretto of Madeira, Portugal, John F. Barretto (1901-1988) ended his formal education at the eighth grade and began his 40-plus year railroad career at Makee Sugar Co. of Kealia sometime between 1915 and 1919 as a locomotive brakeman and fireman, and was promoted to engineer.
The movie, “The Hawaiians,” released in 1970, was based on the novel, “Hawaii,” written by author James Michener and covered the time period from arrival of Chinese and Japanese immigrants in Hawaii during the mid to late 19th century, as well as the birth of the pineapple industry, and the political development in the Islands from the days of the monarchy through to shortly after Hawaii became a territory of the United States in 1898.
On Nov. 7, 1938, Robert Lange, the German consul at Honolulu, notified the press that he would be asking Territorial governor Joseph Poindexter to eliminate the “sock ‘em” game to be held at the Saint Catherine’s Church fair on Saturday and Sunday, November 19 and 20, at Kealia Park, the present Kealia, Kauai rodeo arena.
Born in Germany, Diedrich Prigge Sr. (1878-1954) immigrated to Kauai with his parents in 1881, and beginning in 1897, when he was just 19 years old, he was employed for fifty years by the Department of Public Instruction on Kauai as a vocational teacher, until he retired in 1947.
Kauai school teacher Yone Kagawa Miyake (1903-1981) was born at Makaweli, Kauai, the daughter of Japanese immigrants Saichi and Yoshi Kagawa, who’d arrived in Hawaii in 1895, with Saichi under contract to work at Paauhau Sugar Plantation on the Big Island for three years.
During World War II, more than 40,000 American soldiers were stationed on Kauai, where the Army established camps, training areas, firing ranges and artillery impact zones for the purpose of training troops for combat in the Pacific.