Officials slam videos of harassed Hawaiian monk seals

  • Scott Yunker / The Garden Island

    Hawaiian monk seals resting on a Poipu beach last week.

HONOLULU — State and federal officials are urging visitors to behave properly when faced with marine wildlife after recent social media posts depicting interference with critically-endangered Hawaiian monk seals provoked an uproar online.

Representatives of the state Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority addressed the incidents at a press conference Friday morning.

“Our marine animals are both culturally important and ecologically unique to Hawai‘i. They should be treated with respect, always, both for the people of Hawai‘i and for general animal welfare,” Brian Neilson, administrator for the DLNR Division of Aquatic Resources, said. “… The people of Hawai‘i live around these animals daily. They’re part of our lives, our culture and our identity. Harassing them for fun, or a photo op, or the post on social media is incredibly disrespectful.”

One TikTok video, posted to the Instagram account @hhhviral, depicts a woman touching a monk seal resting on a Kaua‘i beach. Disturbed, the animal snaps its jaws in response, which the NOAA Office of Law Enforcement is currently investigating. Another video, posted to the same account, shows a man touching a seal beneath a rocky outcropping.

Hawaiian monk seals are protected by the Endangered Species Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act and Hawai‘i state law, which classifies harassment of the species as a Class C felony. Perpetrators can face up to five years in prison and a $50,000 fine.

DLNR Division of Conservation and Resources Enforcement (DOCARE) Chief Jason Redulla asked beachgoers who witness such incidents to utilize the free “DLNRTip” smartphone app; the DOCARE hotline at 643-DLNR; or the NOAA hotline at 888-256-9840.

“Going forward, DOCARE officers have been instructed to investigate cases of wildlife harassment and to refer them to county prosecutors for prosecution,” Redulla said. “Our officers cover more than 700 miles of shoreline in addition to millions of acres of state land. We cannot be everywhere at every time, and as a result, we rely on witnesses who report when people are too close or are harassing our wildlife.”

In the past two weeks, the DLNRTip app has logged 31 tips regarding seal harassment; 10 tips regarding sea turtle harassment; and two tips regarding spinner dolphin harassment, according to Redulla, who noted many of the tips concerned the two seal encounters already reported by the news media.

“If you observe harassment of our protected species, remember, it could take some time for the authorities to arrive on scene,” Redulla said. “So, if the harassment does not stop, please provide any video or photos to law enforcement when they arrive, or please send it and report it via the tip app.”

A recently published NOAA action plan reports only 1,400 Hawaiian monk seals, which are endemic to the islands, are alive in the world today.

“We greatly appreciate the community’s concern … regarding the monk seal incidents that have been posted on social media recently,” NOAA Fisheries’ Marine Wildlife Management Coordinator Adam Kurtz said. “We hope that these concerning videos will drive positive change and increase the awareness for some of the issues that these species face.

Kurtz said the “top message” is to keep a safe distance.

“That means 10 feet for sea turtles; 50 feet for Hawaiian monk seals; 50 yards for dolphins and small whales; and 100 yards for humpback whales,” Kurtz said.

Kalani Ka‘ana‘ana, chief brand officer of the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority, discussed ongoing messaging campaigns made in partnership with NOAA and DLNR that address the issue.

“This education isn’t something that just started in response to recent events,” he said. “It’s something that we’ve continually messaged for a number of years.”

In addition to producing public service announcements distributed to airlines and hotels, the HTA also funds community organizations “who are actually dealing with these species and educating and interacting with visitors,” Ka‘ana‘ana said. “The guys who are setting up the ropes and putting up the signs (around resting seals), we’re funding them, too.”

HTA is utilizing targeted social media advertising, as well, according to Ka‘ana‘ana.

“Organic posts aren’t going to get the eyeballs we need,” he said. “So, we’ve been investing in paid social, to make sure that these videos are seen by visitors.”

This article was updated to correct the NOAA hotline number.


Scott Yunker, general assignment reporter, can be reached at 245-0437 or

  1. RGLadder37 July 18, 2021 12:28 am Reply

    What? That much fined. I know they want to save the mammals but give the person a break.

    1. Haupia Fernandes July 21, 2021 9:55 am Reply

      No way. They harass our sea life, they’ll have to deal with it. Fine them so they all learn a lesson. People can be so stupid.

  2. Richard Blake July 18, 2021 6:28 am Reply

    These sweet animals are the victims of their own good nature. It is within our scientific reach to alter their genetic code and modify their behavior so they are more aggressive towards approaching strangers. Think in terms of a personality vaccination.

  3. Uncleaina July 18, 2021 6:31 am Reply

    Everyone knows where the seal haul out. Plus there’s a whole team of seal volunteers. But I’ve never ever ever seen a DOCARE officer even at the beach. For the millions of tax dollars they get, I’ve hardly ever seen them do anything except hunt goats in Kalalau. Idea: how about one person from DOCARE who actually enforces the laws protecting the seals? And how hard can it be to identify the woman on the video and file charges? Not a lot of actual action from these folks.

  4. Patrick of Cockett July 18, 2021 10:33 am Reply

    Tourists don’t pay attention to education about our special wildlife. $50,000, however, might get their attention.

  5. RGLadder37 July 18, 2021 12:38 pm Reply

    I don’t think they’ll run out of monk seals. How many years has it been since the Hawaiians stopped eating monk seals? They may swim for 1000s of miles from Tahiti to Hawai’i. And find it to safer grounds. Hawai’i. Still how many nations hunt for monk seals?

    1. SMSteps27 July 19, 2021 4:36 pm Reply

      It’s called a Hawaiian Monk Seal… not Pacific Monk Seal.

  6. Graceann Ebia July 19, 2021 4:18 pm Reply

    Airports and airlines to Hawaii should consider posting. There’s not enough info to the tourist. Most times I’d like to believe they are just excited and are not thinking in the moment. It’s up to us to help and remind them. Education will help so much. Little pictures with comments in Hotels as well. Like this is our home, please respect it and me. Take pictures please don’t touch me. Cute pictures

  7. Aloha808 July 19, 2021 10:33 pm Reply

    There is a huge uproar about how the visitors are harassing the seals with their photo selfies and tik tok’s. I would like to remind everyone that it’s far, far worse when the creatures are slayed, bludgeoned to death by residents who feel that the seals are competing for their catch and/or causing the recreational fishing areas to be inaccessible due to State and Federal protection of the species. Who’s the real culprit?

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


By participating in online discussions you acknowledge that you have agreed to the TERMS OF SERVICE. An insightful discussion of ideas and viewpoints is encouraged, but comments must be civil and in good taste, with no personal attacks. If your comments are inappropriate, you may be banned from posting. To report comments that you believe do not follow our guidelines, send us an email.