LIHUE — Hawaii is leading the nation in the effort to serve farm-fresh food in school lunches, according to research from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Farm to School Network.

And though those organizations have been dishing out kudos to Hawaii lawmakers in the new report, those integral in the effort are more focused on how they want to grow the program.

USDA and National Farm to School Network recently released the State Farm to School Policy Handbook 2002-2018, which looks at trends in the farm-to-school realm.

“(Hawaii) lawmakers are doing it right, supporting healthy kids, family farms and strong local economies, having fought hard to get Farm to School programming into our school systems,” said spokesperson Taryn Hennebicque.

“They recognize the many benefits that local food in school meals, school gardens and food and agriculture education provide to our communities,” she said.

“The state is a model for collaboration efforts and implementation, from cultivating strong administrative champions to developing a program to move from processed to scratch-cooked, traditional meals with foods from local suppliers into schools,” said Hennebicque.

But, the vision is much bigger than farm-to-school, said state Senate President Ronald Kouchi of Lihue, who has been championing farm-to-school legislation for several years.

“We’ve moved the focus from farm-to-school to farm-to-state,” Kouchi said Friday, pointing out Kauai is embracing the movement wholeheartedly.

The movement toward farm-to-school foods actually started in state hospitals, lawmakers say, with programs at Kauai Veterans Memorial Hospital and Samuel Mahelona Memorial Hospital upgrading employee lunches with fresh food.

After some research, the effort expanded into schools and to prisons within the state, where officials are working together to bring in locally sourced, farm-fresh food for meals.

“What we found was there’s a lot of processed food served, not much from scratch, and there was significant waste,” Kouchi said.

The goal is to turn that around — to serve local, fresh food in state institutions, to teach local population how to prepare local, fresh meals, and to eliminate food waste.

Students, prisoners and hospital employees aren’t the only ones who’ll be benefiting from the farm-to-state programs — Kauai lawmakers like state Rep. Jimmy Tokioka say it could be a “game changer” for local agriculture.

For instance, last year the state Department of Education put out a contract for one million pounds of beef, and half of it was supplied by Hawaii ranchers.

Kouchi says those local, Hawaii ranchers are confident they could meet the demand for one million pounds of beef as soon as some of the kinks are worked out of the paperwork process.

Kouchi also cited another partnership in progress between the state and a Hawaii papaya farmer who puts his lower-grade papayas to use.

In working with the farmer, officials saw about 35% of his crop was going to waste because it wasn’t fit for sale on store shelves. About half of that bruised or less-beautiful fruit could still be used for cooking, and officials with the state are working on integrating that into lunches within the prison system.

“That helps his bottom line and eliminates waste,” Kouchi said. “We’re making great strides and getting to where we want to be.”

The concept has been particularly successful on Kauai, and lawmakers attribute that to the community mindset and to flexibility on the part of employees within the DOE on Kauai.

“It has to be in chewable bites to move forward and help people to embrace change,” Kouchi said.

Supplying 100% local ingredients for lunches in hospitals, schools and prisons is an admirable goal, but lawmakers point out that without a local dairy or poultry source, that goal is a bit out of reach.

They’re initially aiming at 40% local ingredients in those meals, with the potential of rising to 60%.

Other Kauai lawmakers have been involved in the movement, including state Reps. Nadine Nakamura and Dee Morikawa, who both have a history of supporting the state’s farm-to-school initiatives and programs.

“We support local farmers by purchasing their products, cafeteria workers who are creating delicious meals and youth who are eating fresh foods grown in the community,” Nakamura said.


Jessica Else, environment reporter, can be reached at 245-0452 or

  1. Chamundi Sabanathan October 20, 2019 7:58 am Reply

    Is there no dairy on one of the other islands? At least we could boost our state’s economy rather than source from Mainland!

  2. manawai October 20, 2019 12:45 pm Reply

    Sounds really good, but the real question is at what price? Farmers can easily sell all of their produce if it’s priced competitively with imported food. But Hawaii’s cost of living is far higher than the farming states. Is the State going to buy the produce at a price that enables the farmer to make a living here? If they do, then the cost of education is getting higher since the schools cannot buy produce at Costco or from distributors that sell mainland produce. So less money in the education budgets for our teachers and teaching. Another nail in the coffin of Hawaii’s cost of living. Our legislators won’t even address an exemption from the Jones Act that adds so much unnecessary cost to everything that gets shipped into Hawaii. Food, goods, oil, everything. An exemption is the one thing that our legislators can actually do to materially reduce our cost of living, but they won’t even talk about it. Ask them why they favor a few over the whole of us citizens. (crickets)

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