KONA — Preservation has been prescribed.
Retired Hawaiian physician Dr. Charman J. Akina donated 135 acres of land in South Kona to The Nature Conservancy — his second major gift to the region.
Located just below the conservancy’s 8,081-acre Kona Hema Preserve and the state’s South Kona Forest Reserve, the new parcel provides habitat for rare native wildlife and plants.
“The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii is grateful to work with wonderful supporters like Dr. Akina, who understand the vast majority of Hawaii’s native species are found nowhere else in the world,” said TNC Hawaii Executive Director Ulalia Woodside in a press release from the conservancy. “This gift will provide a home and refuge for native plants and animals for future generations.”
The land is the second of two properties Akina has given to TNC.
He donated a 37-acre neighboring parcel in 2014. He first became interested in the two South Kona parcels in the early 1970s when the land was being subdivided for sale.
“I went down there and found these properties that had beautiful trees on them along with young forest,” he said. “When I found out they would be sold for development, I stepped in and bought them. I wanted to save them from the bulldozer.”
After TNC acquired 4,000 acres next door at Honomalino in 1999 — the first of three adjoining parcels that make up its Kona Hema Preserve — Akina decided that one day he would donate the land to TNC.
The 135-acre parcel is a section of the 1926 Hoopuloa lava flow. Along the flow edges, it contains native plants such as mamane, iliahi, pawale and ferns. The rare mehamehame tree (Flueggea neowawraea) was historically found on the parcel, which is also in the very limited habitat range for the tallest species of Hawaiian fan palm, or loulu (Pritchardia schattaueri). Both were likely found on the parcel prior to the 1926 lava flow. Surveys have also located native lacewings and Kamehameha butterflies on the property.
Native songbird species such as the apapane, iiwi, elepaio, and amakihi are found throughout this area as they pass through the protected corridor of South Kona properties. The area also provides much-needed habitat for the endangered io (Hawaiian hawk) and the opeapea (Hawaiian hoary bat), which likely utilizes the property for foraging. The National Audubon Society rates Kona forests as A-1 Globally Significant Important Bird Areas.