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Island History

Prince Kuhio Park archaeology

Prince Kuhio Park, which is owned by The Royal Order of Kamehameha I, is a remarkable example of an ali‘i residential site.

Among its various archaeological structures is a square bed of rocks on its western border that is the base of the grass house where Prince Kuhio was born in 1871.

Further inland is located the cook house and the eating place for men that was separated from the eating place for women.

Beyond the cook house is situated the family heiau. Within its walls are located the priest’s room, an inner sanctum where the ali‘i family worshiped, the priest’s court, a sacrificial altar and an imu where offerings were burnt.

Behind the heiau, hidden under trees and brush, are located the remains of two villages, a heiau used by the villagers and taro patches.

In front near Lawa‘i Road is the royal fish pond. Before Lawa‘i Road was built alongside the shore, the pond extended to the shoreline where a screen allowed small fish to enter but kept large fish from returning to sea. In back of the pond is an enclosed structure where a guard stood watch over the pond.

Directly inland of the fish pond is located a long wall of rocks and a bench called the royal court. At the royal court, the ali‘i would be entertained, visitors were received and justice was meted out to his subjects.

At the back of the royal court is a now dry water well. Nearby to the west is a pig pen with a small opening. When a pig could no longer exit the pen through the opening, it was ready for a lu‘au.

A farm was located at the right rear of the park. Ruins of an irrigation ditch are visible close by.


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