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A Glimpse of military life on Kauai during World War II

During World War II, more than 40,000 American soldiers were stationed on Kauai, where the Army established camps, training areas, firing ranges and artillery impact zones for the purpose of training troops for combat in the Pacific.

Episodes from Noboru Miyake’s Early Years

Born and raised on a 20-acre rice farm on land his parents leased deep within Waimea Valley, Kauai, far beyond the present swinging bridge, Noboru Miyake (1896-1988) would become the first person of Japanese ancestry to hold public office in Hawaii, when voters elected him to the Kauai Board of Supervisors in 1930.

Hanamaulu School Principal Carlotta Stewart Lai

Hanamaulu School Principal Carlotta Stewart Lai (1881-1952) — one of the first African American women to make their home in Hawaii, and Hawaii’s first African American school principal — was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of African American clergyman, attorney and civil rights leader Thomas McCants Stewart and Charlotte Harris Stewart.

Kamehameha’s failed invasions of Kauai

In 1796, Kamehameha I, then the conqueror of all the Hawaiian Islands, except Kauai and its satellite island of Niihau, launched his first invasion of Kauai from Waianae, Oahu.

Kokee Forest Ranger Joseph M. Souza Jr.

Born on Kauai, Joseph M. Souza Jr. (1913-1990) worked for Kauai Electric Co. and McBryde Sugar Co. before joining the Merchant Marine and serving in the Hawaii Army National Guard during World War II.

Willie ‘Golden Boy’ Duarte of Duarte’s U-Drive & Tours

Willie Duarte (1921-2007) started Duarte’s U-Drive & Tours on Kauai in the early 1950s, and by the time he sold the company and Orchid Island Tours on the Big Island to Amfac in 1969, he’d expanded his operations and became such a financial success that he was known locally as Willie “Golden Boy” Duarte, the U-Drive king of Kauai.

Willa Shell, the heroine of the 1946 tidal wave

On Monday, April 1, 1946, two powerful tidal waves hit Kauai beginning about 6:30 a.m., and in their wake, 14 people died, three were missing, presumed dead, and seven were hospitalized for injuries.

Lorraine Fountain was KTOH secretary

Born in Nawiliwili, Lorraine Fountain (1918-1999) was the daughter of Kauai police officer and commercial fisherman Edward Fountain and longtime Lihue schoolteacher Eva Fountain, and her brother, Edward, became a counselor at Kauai High School.

Kauai Pineapple Co. in Lawai closes

The Kauai Pineapple Co. of Lawai, also known as Kauai Pine, was formed in 1906 as Kauai Fruit & Land Company with the backing of McBryde Sugar Co.

John Manaia Nawela and the Shark Akua

On a spring morning in 1885, Native Hawaiian John Manaia Nawela (1852-1940) was a sailor in Hilo Harbor aboard the schooner Pohoiki, which was being loaded by lighters with a cargo of ohia railroad ties bound for Honolulu.

Kahuna Morrnah Simeona’s exorcism at Lihue Dairy

In February 1946, Alan Fayé Sr., the manager of the Fayé family’s Waimea Sugar Co. and Waimea Dairy, was considering the purchase of 70 Holstein cows and bulls from Lihue Dairy, then managed by Caleb Burns, also the manager of Lihue Plantation.

Valdemar Knudsen’s Waiawa Vineyard

Kauai sugar pioneer and rancher Valdemar Knudsen (1819–1898) once held a 30-year lease on Hawaiian Crown Lands encompassing over 100,000 acres, which stretched westward from the Waimea River, across the plains of Kekaha and Mana, beyond Polihale as far as Nualolo Valley along the Napali Coast, and inland from the sea into the mountains of Kokee, all of which was home to several hundred Hawaiians.

Kaumualii wanted a huge diamond

In old Hawaii, the fragrant wood of the iliahi tree, called sandalwood, was merely burned as firewood or mixed with coconut oil to perfume kapa.

Hawaiian Canneries Co. of Kapaa closes

Hawaiian Canneries Co., which cultivated pineapple on 3,400 acres scattered over 35 miles from Hanamaulu to Hanalei, and processed and canned its pineapple at Kapaa canneries, now the site of Pono Kai Resort, shut down in 1962 after being in business for nearly 50 years.

Gloria Rapozo recalls baking Portuguese bread

In July 1973, Gloria Rapozo of Hanamaulu Camp reminisced about baking Portuguese bread in a brick oven, which was still standing within a splintered shed in the camp, but was then unusable.

Kauai Governor Paul Puhiula Kanoa

Paul Puhiula Kanoa (1832-1895), Kauai’s governor from 1881 to 1886 during the reign of King David Kalakaua, was an alii — his parents being Kaaikaulehelehe and Kapau, and his hanai father, with whom he is sometimes mistaken for, was Paulo Kanoa, the governor of Kauai from 1846 to 1877.

1946 Sakada Napoleon Comisap

When the Japanese Army invaded the Philippines in December 1941, Napoleon Comisap (1916-2000) – then residing in Laoag City with his wife, Dionisia, and infant daughter, Esmeralda – was called up by the 3rdBattalion, 13thInfantry Regiment, Philippine Army.

A History of Kauai’s Halfway Bridge

Long ago on Kauai, when Native Hawaiians travelled along a trail that once crossed Huleia Stream where Halfway Bridge was later erected, they would stop before wading across to leave an offering they believed would ensure their safe passage into the domain of another demigod.