During World War II, more than 40,000 American soldiers were stationed on Kauai, where the Army established camps, training areas, firing ranges and artillery impact zones for the purpose of training troops for combat in the Pacific.
Born and raised on a 20-acre rice farm on land his parents leased deep within Waimea Valley, Kauai, far beyond the present swinging bridge, Noboru Miyake (1896-1988) would become the first person of Japanese ancestry to hold public office in Hawaii, when voters elected him to the Kauai Board of Supervisors in 1930.
Hanamaulu School Principal Carlotta Stewart Lai (1881-1952) — one of the first African American women to make their home in Hawaii, and Hawaii’s first African American school principal — was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of African American clergyman, attorney and civil rights leader Thomas McCants Stewart and Charlotte Harris Stewart.
Willie Duarte (1921-2007) started Duarte’s U-Drive & Tours on Kauai in the early 1950s, and by the time he sold the company and Orchid Island Tours on the Big Island to Amfac in 1969, he’d expanded his operations and became such a financial success that he was known locally as Willie “Golden Boy” Duarte, the U-Drive king of Kauai.
In February 1946, Alan Fayé Sr., the manager of the Fayé family’s Waimea Sugar Co. and Waimea Dairy, was considering the purchase of 70 Holstein cows and bulls from Lihue Dairy, then managed by Caleb Burns, also the manager of Lihue Plantation.
Kauai sugar pioneer and rancher Valdemar Knudsen (1819–1898) once held a 30-year lease on Hawaiian Crown Lands encompassing over 100,000 acres, which stretched westward from the Waimea River, across the plains of Kekaha and Mana, beyond Polihale as far as Nualolo Valley along the Napali Coast, and inland from the sea into the mountains of Kokee, all of which was home to several hundred Hawaiians.
In 1933, when Caleb Burns became manager of Lihue Plantation, he began building up the plantation’s dairy to an exceptionally high standard.
Hawaiian Canneries Co., which cultivated pineapple on 3,400 acres scattered over 35 miles from Hanamaulu to Hanalei, and processed and canned its pineapple at Kapaa canneries, now the site of Pono Kai Resort, shut down in 1962 after being in business for nearly 50 years.
Paul Puhiula Kanoa (1832-1895), Kauai’s governor from 1881 to 1886 during the reign of King David Kalakaua, was an alii — his parents being Kaaikaulehelehe and Kapau, and his hanai father, with whom he is sometimes mistaken for, was Paulo Kanoa, the governor of Kauai from 1846 to 1877.
Long ago on Kauai, when Native Hawaiians travelled along a trail that once crossed Huleia Stream where Halfway Bridge was later erected, they would stop before wading across to leave an offering they believed would ensure their safe passage into the domain of another demigod.