Legacy of Ruth Gates

  • Caleb Jones / Associated Press file photo

    In this Sept. 28, 2015 photo, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology director Ruth Gates shows corals that are undergoing enhancement at her lab on Coconut Island near Kaneohe, Hawaii.

  • Caleb Jones / Associated Press file photo

    In this Sept. 28, 2015 file photo, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology director Ruth Gates talks about her project to create “super coral” near her lab on Coconut Island in Kaneohe, Hawaii.

LIHUE — Ruth Gates, trailblazer in coral reef research, died October 25 after being diagnosed with brain cancer in May, but Hawaii officials and environmentalists say her legacy will live on.

She was 56 years old and was also the president of the International Society for Reef Studies.

The scientist dedicated much of her career to saving the world’s coral reefs and was known for her 2015 idea to breed “super coral” — coral that could withstand the effects of climate change.

Her work was featured in the 2018 Netflix documentary “Chasing Coral.”

“Ruth gates is very much a wonderful lady that was a champion of studying our coral reefs,” said Kauai underwater photographer and environment activist Terry Lilley on Tuesday.

He acknowledged that they didn’t see eye-to-eye when it came to the details of how to save coral reefs; Lilley focused on reducing stressors while Gates was focused on breeding more resilient coral.

“Anyone who donates the lion share of their life to saving the coral reef is a hero in my eyes,” Lilley said. “We had disagreements, but in the same breath I respect her for her care about our coral reefs.”

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Chair Suzanne Case said Gates was an invaluable asset to the state and the world’s research on reefs.

“Ruth was a true great in the world of coral science, providing knowledge and hope in a time of increasing global and local threats to coral. We are lucky and very grateful for all she has given us,” Case said. “It’s up to us now to carry her work forward.”

Gates’ colleague and partner in the assisted evolution project, professor Madeleine van Oppen of the Australian Institute of Marine Science, told Associated Press Gates was “a great inspiration” to many.

“She was intelligent, professional and had a wonderful sense of humour,” Van Oppen told the AP in an email. “She was a great ambassador for the reef and a role model for women in coral reef science.”

Van Oppen said it’s a shame she will not be able to see the long-term impacts of their research. “But I will work extra hard to try and make it a success in her honour,” she said.

Gates was known for her innovative science, but she was also widely admired for her welcoming, energetic and cheerful personality.

“Ruth was not only a shining star in coral research, but an indomitable spirit in every aspect of life,” said Judy Lemus, interim director the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology and friend of Gates. “Her enthusiasm was contagious, and she absolutely loved what she did. Her loss will be felt deeply within our own community and throughout the broader research community.”

Mark Eakin, coordinator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Coral Reef Watch program, said Gates’ death is a loss for the entire scientific community.

“Ruth was really a force of nature, I mean she was just an amazingly productive scientist, one of the brightest, most inquisitive minds that we had in the whole field of coral reef science. Her energy was boundless,” Eakin said in a phone interview.

Gates faced a “whole suite of criticisms” over her plan to breed stronger corals, but “rather than dismissing those criticisms, she would embrace them” Eakin said. “She is the kind of great leader who has trained so many and left a legacy of students who will be able to pick up and continue this work.”

Mariana Rocha de Souza, a doctoral student in Gates’ lab, said in an email to the AP that her mentor was an advocate for women in science.

“We are a very gender balanced lab and she encouraged us as PhD students to do the same when selecting the professors in our committee. She motivated us, women in science by telling her experience and encouraging us to fight,” Rocha de Souza said.

Gates’ research won the support of philanthropist and Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, allowing her to expand, develop and test her theories in a lab on Oahu’s Coconut Island.

“Ruth Gates realized before most others that for corals to survive climate change, their adaptation to warming waters will have to be assisted,” said Lauren Kickham, director of product management at Paul G. Allen Philanthropies. “She believed in their resilience and ultimately offered hope for the future.” Allen, 65, died Oct. 15 from complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Gates was born in Akrotiri, Cyprus, in 1962 and is survived by her wife, Robin Burton-Gates, and her brother, Tim Gates.


Jessica Else, environment reporter, can be reached at 245-0452 or at jelse@thegardenisland.com. Associated Press contributed to this report.


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