36 endangered Hawaiian seabirds fledge in first two years of relocation effort

KILAUEA — The last of the 20 Hawaiian Petrels brought into the 7.8-acre Nihoku colony this fall fledged, flying safely out to sea Wednesday on Kauai.

“An enormous success,” is how people and organizations involved in an effort to further protect endangered Hawaiian seabirds describe the first two seasons of translocating Hawaiian Petrels and the first Newell’s Shearwaters to a predator-proof enclosure at Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge on Kauai’s North Shore.

A total of 36 threatened and endangered Hawaiian seabirds have fledged over the past two years in this partnership project.

“Each time one of these young birds fledges it leads us one step closer to our ultimate goal of recovery for these native birds,” said Dr. Lindsay Young of Pacific Rim Conservation, the nonprofit organization responsible for care and feeding of the birds at Nihoku. “A huge number of individuals and organizations are involved in this project and the success of these first two years of translocations bodes well for the future.”

All of the birds were collected from colonies in Kauai’s mountainous interior, where the birds are under threat from introduced predators and loss of breeding habitat.

This, coupled with collisions with power lines and attraction to artificial lights, has dramatically reduced their populations on Kauai.

Once carefully extracted from their burrows, the birds were flown by helicopter to Princeville airport where they were then driven to the Nihoku enclosure.

There the birds were placed into artificial burrows and, over the course of several weeks, were fed and cared for until they finally fledged.

“Like the proverbial ‘canary in the coal mine,’ Kauai’s endangered seabirds serve as a warning for the overall health of our forests and watersheds,” said Dr. André Raine, who leads the Kauai Endangered Forest Bird Recovery Project. “With the breeding populations of these iconic birds dropping so precipitously in the last two decades, we should look to the overall health of our native forests and watersheds which is also at risk.”

American Bird Conservancy is a primary partner in the planned five-year translocation effort to establish breeding colonies of Hawaiian Petrels and Newell’s Shearwaters at Nihoku.

“The Nihoku colony is the only fully protected colony of federally listed seabirds in Hawaii and what’s happened over the past two years is a major achievement and step forward in stabilizing and recovering these important endemic Kauai seabirds,” said Hannah Nevins, ABC seabird program director.

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